“Where Have You Been” is a song by Barbadian recording artist Rihanna, from her sixth studio album, Talk That Talk (2011) serving as the fifth single. The song was written by Ester Dean, Geoff Mack, Lukasz “Dr. Luke” Gottwald, Henry “Cirkut” Walter, and Calvin Harris, with production handled by the latter three.
The track is a dance-pop and techno house song that draws influence from trance, R&B and hip hop. It is backed by “hard, chilly synths” and contains an electro-inspired breakdown sequence. The song’s lyrics interpolate Geoff Mack’s 1959 song “I’ve Been Everywhere” and speak of a woman who is searching for a partner who will please her.